Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species - figweb Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Click on image to view plant details. key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. South Africa. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. Click on image to view plant details. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). enable Java on your web browser, Interactive These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. Flowers very small. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. (Life; Embryophyta 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. Key differences from similar families. 1. It often has air-roots. to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive 2020. F. pumila. var sc_security="9d3822be". (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. The obligate mutualism between fig trees and their pollinating wasps is a classic and much-studied example of symbiosis [9-11]. Ficus microcarpa. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Identification Key. Galil (1977). Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of A baker's dozen of optimal varieties could include: Mt Etna (by many names), Ronde de Bordeaux, Brooklyn White, Florea, Longue d'Aout/Nordland, Marseilles, Violette de Bordeaux (by… development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. Laurel fig. Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) 2013, Rayapati et al. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. Family: Moraceae; www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). The key to identifying fig varieties correctly is using Condit's system of leaf and fruit classifications. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. Ficus Identification. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to 2014).Disease symptoms such as downward rolling of leaf margins and interveinal discoloration are most likely to be observed late in the season and are more conspicuous on red … Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. Identify My Houseplant. key to the figs of New Guinea, under If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. 2006, Almeida et al. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. 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